Adding Sound, Hazard Lights and internal lighting to a DCC fitted Hornby Class 153 conversion already modified with newer style external light fittings.

 

Click to move to the earlier Class 153 update

 

Introduction:

The 153 unit, already fitted with new style external lighting, is to be further modified, to incorporate sound, hazard lights and working interior lighting.  This webpage shows the initial plans for the update and how the modifications are really installed.

 

Northern Rail Class 153 at Lancaster, fitted with new LED marker / rear Lights (both rear lights on at this end)

 

An Outline of the Proposed Approach:

The original Hornby decoder will be replaced with an ESU LokSound V4 decoder with 8 pin connector, combined with a TCS FL4 function decoder. The use of two decoders rather than adding the LokSound adapter with Aux3 & 4 amps is intended to minimise the head height of the roof mounted decoder circuitry, keeping it all above window level. Amber chip LEDs will be fitted into recesses cut through the hazard light mouldings. The inside of the passenger area roof will be painted white and discrete chip LEDs will provide internal illumination. An ESU 4 ohm speaker (40x20x12mm) will be mounted semi-recessed in the underside of the chassis, largely hidden behind the underside mouldings.

 

Opening the unit up and dismantling the chassis:

The picture above shows the upper and lower body shells after the previous modifications.

 

Dismantling the chassis unit:  Under the seat moulding are steel plates to provide extra adhesion weight and stiffen the chassis. These need to be cut to make room for the new speaker enclosure. A hole will also be cut through the base of the chassis for the speaker. The original Hornby PCB assembly will be truncated just inboard of the 8 pin socket, to give better illumination of the passenger compartment. The 8 pin socket will be used to electrically connect the chassis and upper body shell.

 

The speaker will be fitted approximately as indicated above, partially hidden by the underside mouldings

 

The Circuit Diagram:

The switching transistors used with the previous circuit will be removed and the remaining circuitry will be re-built as shown above.

The two decoders are connected in parallel to the track contacts in operation, but for programming, these connections need to be

accessed separately for each decoder. A link plug (on the loco underside) is used to connect the FL4. This must be removed for

 programming activities. A programming lead is then used in place of the link plug to adjust CVs in the FL4, while the LokSound can be programmed

on the track in the normal way as long as FL4 link plug is removed.

 

Interior lights circuit: A pair of 9mA constant current sources with anti-flicker reservoir capacitor

 

The probable revised Sound and Lighting Button Mapping:

Button Sound Operations Lighting
0 (Forward)     Day running forward
0 (Reverse)     Day running reverse
1 Engine & sounds on/off    
2 2 tone horn    
3 Single horn    
4 doors open   hazard lights on/off
5 guard's whistle    
6 doors close    
7 Right Away buzzers    
8 Flange squeal    
9   shunt mode  
10   Zero CV3 & 4  
11 (Forward)     Night running forward
11 (Reverse)     Night running reverse
12     Interior lighting
13 Volume fader    
14      
15      

 

 

Sourcing the decoder:

The Howes Class 153 decoder is the preferred choice, based on their successful Class 150 decoder. (The 153 uses the same engine.) Bryan and Howes have agreed to add the missing guard's whistle to the sound files.

 

 

That's the plan, next I've got to build it!

 

 
Modifying the chassis assembly:

The PCB assembly was shortened using a junior hacksaw, retaining the 8 pin socket, with tracking to support the motor connections, wheel contact wires and the new speaker wires.

The steel plates were sawn through to clear a gap for the speaker and the chassis underside was cut away to provide space for the speaker to be mounted semi-recessed above the battery boxes.

The speaker will be installed facing downwards, held tightly in place by a foam pad under the clipped in seating moulding.

 

The speaker installed in the chassis.

 

Redundant tracks on the truncated PCB used to connect the speaker (grey wires) to two inner sockets in the 8 way connector and

the FL4 programming lines (black wires) to another inner 8 way socket plus the wheel contact wires.

 

FL4 programming socket Blu-Tacked to the underside.

 

The completed chassis assembly, including a large capacitor for the lighting anti-flicker circuit at the rear below the door window level.

 

Modifying the Upper Body Assembly:

Rear end of upper body showing the Internal lighting current sources and FL4 decoder bonded to the roof

The 1000uF capacitor on the chassis assembly will be connected to this circuit.

 

LokSound Decoder bonded into roof underside with NRMA 8 pin socket connecting to the chassis

 

Internal lighting LEDs on cross beams, facing the white painted roof underside (& white painted decoders)

 

Finding the sound slot assignments:

The sound slot numbers are established, by dropping the volume to 30 for each sound slot in turn and pressing the function buttons to find which sound is reduced.

The master volume was first reduced significantly then minor adjustments were made to the relative sound levels.

Button Functions as received Original Sound slot number Volume CV(CV32=1) Changes to sound volume
0 (Forward) Day running lights forward none - -
0 (Reverse) Day running lights reverse none - -
1 Engine & sounds on/off 1 259 128 to 90
2 2 tone horn 3 275  
3 Inverse 2 tone horn 10 331  
4 Single horn 4 283  
5 doors close 7 307  
6 doors open 5 291  
7 Right Away buzzers 8 315 128 to 100
8 Flange squeal 9 323  
9 shunt mode none - -
10 Zero CV3 & 4 none - -
11 (Forward) Aux1 none - -
11 (Reverse) Aux1 none - -
12 Aux2 none - -
13 guard's whistle 11 339 128 to 120
         
- Master Volume - 63 128 to 40

 

Next, a button remapping exercise:

Button Functions as received Original Sound slot number New Functions New Sound slot number Re-Mapping Actions in the sequence indicated
0 (Forward) Day running lights forward none Day running lights forward (white) none  
0 (Reverse) Day running lights reverse none Day running lights reverse (yellow) none  
1 Engine & sounds on/off 1 Engine & sounds on/off 1  
2 2 tone horn 3 2 tone horn 3  
3 Inverse 2 tone horn 10 Single horn 4 1) Move Inverse 2 tone horn to 14
4 Single horn 4 doors open (& hazard lights via FL4) 5 2) Move single horn to 3
5 doors close 7 guard's whistle 11 4) Move doors close to 6
6 doors open 5 doors close 7 3) Move doors open to 4
7 Right Away buzzers 8 Right Away buzzers 8  
8 Flange squeal 9 Flange squeal 9 9) Make "when moving" only
9 shunt mode none shunt mode none  
10 Zero CV3 & 4 none Zero CV3 & 4 none  
11 (Forward) Aux1 none Night running lights forward (Aux1) none 6) Make F11 forward only Aux1
11 (Reverse) Aux1 none Night running lights reverse (Aux2) none 7) Convert 12 line to make F11 reverse only Aux2
12 Aux2 none (Interior lighting via FL4) none  
13 guard's whistle 11 Volume fader none 5) Move guards whistle to 5
14     Inverse 2 tone horn 10 8) Assign fader to 13

 

LokSound CV changes to carry out the remapping:

Using data from the May 2012 LokSound manual. The lines are those in the table on page 52

Button Actions in the sequence indicated CV changes:     Note: CV303/3: 4>0 means: "Set CV32 to 3 then change CV303 from 4 to 0"
0 (Forward)    
0 (Reverse)    
1   Check CVO=1 on line 7..... if OK then subsequent line numbers are probably OK
2    
3 1) Move Inverse 2 tone horn to 14 Line20  make CVP=2: CV319/3: 0>2           Line9    make CVP=0: CV399/2: 2>0
4 2) Move single horn to 3 Line9  make CVO=8: CV398/2: 0>8          Line10    make CVO=0: CV414/2: 8>0
5 4) Move doors close to 6 Line12  make CVO=64: CV446/2: 0>64        Line11   make CVO=0:  CV430/2: 64>0
6 3) Move doors open to 4 Line10  make CVO=16: CV414/2: 0>16        Line12    make CVO=0: CV446/2: 16>0
7    
8 9) Make "when moving" only Line14  make CVA=1    CV465/2: 0>1
9    
10    
11 (Forward) 6) Make F11 forward only Aux1 Line17  make CVA=4, CV257/3: 0>4    (check CVD=4 and CVK=4 ) .OK
11 (Reverse) 7) Convert 12 line to make F11 reverse only Aux2 Line18  make CVA=8,  CV273/3: 0>8    CVD:  CV276/3: 16>4    (check CVK=8) .OK  
12    
13 5) Move guards whistle to 5 Line11  make CVP=4: CV431/2: 0>4             Line19  make CVP=0: CV303/3: 4>0
14 8) Assign fader to 13 Line19  make CVN=8  CV301/3: 0>8              Also Change CV133 from 128 to 50

 

FL4 CV Programming:

Description

CV Value
Brown wire on (both directions) 53 32
Pink wire on (both directions) 54 32
Brown switched by button 4 39 32
Pink wire switched by button 12 40 0
Pink wire switched by button 12 42 128

 

Summary of the revised function mapping:

Button Function
0 (Forward) Day running lights forward
0 (Reverse) Day running lights reverse
1 Engine & sounds on/off
2 2 tone horn
3 Single horn
4 doors open & hazard lights on
5 guard's whistle
6 doors close
7 Right Away buzzer
8 Flange squeal
9 shunt mode
10 Zero CV3 & 4
11 (Forward) Night running lights forward
11 (Reverse) Night running lights reverse
12 Interior lighting
13 Volume fader
14 Inverse 2 tone horn

 

Link plug inserted to activate the FL4 decoder after programming (Held in place with Blu Tac)

 
The completed 153 running under computer control on the test layout:

 

Internal lights on

 

Hazard lights on (amongst the decoders and track occupancy detectors ready for phase 1 of the loft layout.)

 

The sound system also works very well, a definite success Bryan!!

Just one minor problem: At the minimum speed step, there is a small amount of juddering. This clears at speed step 2, with smooth running for all other speed steps. This is a good opportunity to try the new ESU self-calibration system to automatically establish the optimum motor control CV values for this particular motor. The procedure is to program CV 54 with the value zero, then, with the locomotive heading towards a long straight section of track, press function key number one. (It's crucial to make sure the direction of travel is correct first.) The loco moves away at high speed, then slows to a stop. The motor control CVs (51 to 55) are automatically optimised during this process.

CV Number Original Howes value ESU optimised value Further tweaks
51 0 0 4
52 12 12 32
53 104 106 106
54 16 66 66
55 24 12 12

 I set up over 4m of straight track to make sure there was enough, but it needed less than 2m to complete the process. The motor ran more smoothly, but was still exhibited a tiny amount of judder on speed step 1. After similar problems were addressed with my Class 156, I found a little bit of CV51 & an increase in CV52, beneficial for these low inertia motor systems. This worked well on the 153 as well! Running variable frequency drive also helps via CV124.

 

Project complete!

 

To see a YouTube video clip of the Class 153 on my test track: Click Here

 

              

 

Supplier website links:

 

Rails of Sheffield    The Class 153 unit above was originally purchased from this very reliable mail order company.
Digitrains    Excellent source of DCC decoders and specialist LED devices for this type of project
DCC Supplies    DCC specialist supplier based in Worcestershire.
Howes Models    A good source for sound equipped esu decoders.
Rapid Electronics    A good low cost source for model rail electronics components
Maplin    A convenient local source for electronic components such as resistors and transistors

 

The photos of the real Northern Class 153 were taken at Lancaster during Sep 2010.   The photos of the model were taken on the kitchen worktop, using a Canon Ixus 220HS.    

 

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