Hattons Big Headlight
Class 66 Lighting Fix Options
Included within Hatton's impressive range of Class 66 locomotive models are a group that incorporate large headlights. These have been designed with an incorrect lighting configuration. It can of course be fixed, but the best approach depends on how well the Chinese manufacturers have glued in the lighting PCBs and how skilled you are in PCB modification surgery.......
The problem locomotive lighting fails to illuminate the lower marker light immediately adjacent to the active headlight. (This is correct on Class 70 locomotives, but NOT on Class 66.)
Correct Class 66 Arrangement
Behaviour of The Problem Locomotives
What is the source of the problem?
The lower marker light LEDs, headlight LEDs and rear light LEDs are located on the small lighting PCBs mounted close to each end of the chassis. In problem locomotives, the trackwork on these boards is configured in such a way that the lower marker lights are only illuminated when the headlight on the opposite side of the locomotive is activated. In order to fix the problem, operation of headlights and marker lights needs to be made independent.
The problem locomotives use only 4 wires between each lighting PCB and the main board. Correctly operating Hattons Class 66 locos use 5. The fifth wire provides the necessary independent control of the two lower marker light LEDs (which operate in parallel albeit with individual series resistors).
Showing the Lighting PCB assemblies
How can we fix it?
This depends on a key issue: The small lighting PCBs are glued into slots in the chassis metalwork. If the glue bond can be broken to allow the boards to be removed intact, then some fairly intricate track modifications can effect a fairly simple fix. If the boards are impossible to remove intact, then a rather less elegant solution provides another way to solve the problem. A third option is to home produce replacement lighting board assemblies.
Plan A...... If the lighting PCBs can be removed from the chassis intact:
(With many thanks to Howard for the loan of his Freightliner lighting board)
Two track cuts, a link wire and a new 5th wire back to the main board will provide a solution for each lighting board.
NB: The original board wire colours maybe different on your loco.
The track cuts are shown in red. A thin insulated link wire connects two of the solder pads, shown in dark blue.
Finally an insulated wire (shown in light blue) connects the linked pads back to the main board.
The new wire to the mother board from each lighting board connects to the vacant "W" solder pads at each end of the main board.
A modified board
Its a bit tricky as the board is on the small side...... but if you can successfully extract the lighting PCB from the chassis slots without damage, this a much more straightforward solution than the alternative approach described below!!!!
With many thanks to Howard for the loan of his board to plot the circuit, identify the fix and confirm it all seems to work!
This was the kind of approach I hoped to use on my own large headlight 66 to fix the problem...... but unfortunately, unlike Howard's 66, the lighting boards in my loco were so well glued in place that it was impossible to remove them without writing off the boards. The following section describes the alternative steps I had to take.
Plan B...... Another solution if the lighting PCB assemblies are so firmly fixed in place, that intact removal is impossible:
This was the situation I found on my own locomotive. These modifications to obtain correctly operating lights are quite involved and probably not for the feint hearted:
The idea is to remove the original headlight LEDs so that the original wiring only powers the marker LEDs. New LEDs are then glued within the lighting board plastic cover. These are wired directly back to the main PCB assembly via discrete series resistors. The main PCB connections are then re-arranged to restore the correct connectivity.
The plastic cover (LED shroud) with 4 rectangular apertures is removed from the lighting PCB.
The top two chip LEDs are removed from the PCB and any excess solder or debris is carefully removed from their solder pads.
A coat of super glue is then carefully applied over the 4 exposed solder pads to insulate them.
Two pre-wired white chip LEDs (e.g. DCC Concepts Nano LEDs) are glued into the upper two apertures in the plastic cover, beaming directly through the small apertures in the front of the cover. The LED wires are routed through slots cut into the top edge of the plastic cover. the plastic cover is then glued back into place on to the front of the lighting PCB.
The ultra thin LED wires are routed over the top of the lighting PCB and then downwards, to lie beside the original wires, leading to the loco main PCB assembly. 1k5 Series resistors are installed in the negative LED leads en route to the main PCB. The resistors are super glued to the rear of the speaker at one end and the plastic mounting plate for the stay-alive super-cap at the other.
At the drivers end of the locomotive
And......At the other end of the locomotive.
The positive new LED wires are connected to the common positive solder pads used for the top marker and cab light wiring as shown above.
Main Board connections:
The original inner pair of wires (grey and black on my loco) from the lighting boards are removed from the loco main PCB solder pads labelled "day" and "night". They are then connected in parallel, to the main PCB pad "W". The wires from the new headlight LED negative lead series resistor wires are connected to the appropriate main PCB "day" or "night" pads. A table showing the pad markings and the corresponding wire destinations appears below.
It is well worth spending time to extract the lighting boards if it is possible to remove them from the chassis without damage. It is then possible with care to modify the boards as shown above and achieve a quick solution.
If the above proves impossible, then the alternative route, also described above, achieves an equivalent result, but involves considerably more work and time.
The Freightliner loco modified the hard way was sourced DCC ready from Hattons. I fitted Bif's Hattons specific LokSound V5 MKL decoder and the EM2 speaker, both sourced from DC Kits. Unfortunately I was sent the V5 MKL loaded with the wrong software (standard 66, rather than the improved Hattons version). But Bif kindly sent me the correct Hattons 66 SW to load via my LokProgrammer after a helpful email exchange, so problem swiftly resolved. I've also fitted a 6800uF supercap sourced from YouChoose and fitted with a simple Zener diode voltage limiter.
The famous Hattons 66 wobble was much less conspicuous on this model than my last, but I nevertheless removed all the axle bearing covers and cut off the end pieces to glue over the resultant axle holes in the bogies..... to ensure smooth wobble free running and eliminate occasional future shedding of the axle end pieces. Additional 47k resistors were fitted in series with the upper marker lights to bring their intensity into line with the lower markers.
One challenge I could have done without occurred as I was attempting to separate the chassis from the upper body shell. I tried to pull the chassis down by gripping the rear bogie, which promptly parted company from the chassis, complete with drive shaft and worm gear bearings etc. I think the bogie retaining top piece locking barbs were probably not fully engaged. It took me quite a while to find a successful technique to reassemble everything! So beware!
However after all the trials and tribulations, I now have another superb Hattons 66 fully operational and it probably took less time than I would have spent installing the completely missing lower marker lights and night headlight in the corresponding Bachmann model.... although they would all have been cool white LEDs. However, despite the yellow markers this 66 is a definite step up from the much older Bachmann unit and the big EM2 speaker combined with Bif's latest software, provides a much more impressive sound experience!
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